dr. M. Spirito

Associate Professor
Electronic Circuits and Architectures (ELCA), Department of Microelectronics

PhD thesis (Jun 2005): Enhanced Techniques for the Design and Characterization of RF Power Amplifiers
Promotor: J.N. Burghartz

Expertise: (Sub)mm-wave electronics, mm-wave characterization, calibration, (Sub)mm-wave sensing systems

Themes: mm-wave sensors, Microwave circuits

Biography

Marco Spirito (S’01-M’08) received the M.Sc. degree (cum laude) in electrical engineering from the University of Naples “Federico II,” Naples, Italy, in 2000, and the Ph.D. degree from the Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, in 2006. From 2000 to 2001, he was a guest at Infineon Technologies, Munich, Germany. In 2006, he joined the department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, University of Naples “Federico II.” In April 2008 he joined the Electronics Research Laboratory at the Delft University of Technology as an Assistant Professor, where he is an Associate Professor since April 2013. His research interests include the characterization of highly efficient and linear power amplifiers, the development of advanced characterization setups for millimeter and sub-millimeter waves, and the integration of mm-wave sensing systems. Dr. Spirito was the recipient of the Best Student Paper Award for his contribution to the 2002 IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting (BCTM) he received the IEEE MTT Society Microwave Prize in 2008, was a co-recipient of the best student paper award at IEEE RFIC 2011, and the GAAS Association Student Fellowship in 2012.

Currently, my research focuses on the development of measurement techniques and test-benches, on the definition and implementation of novel system concepts and the improved calibration methods to reach the required performance in (sub)mm-wave frequency range. The investigation on measurement techniques starts with the implementation of novel high performance test-benches and develops into the realization of accurate measurements allowing to extract the key parameters of innovative device or sub-systems under test. The realization of unique tools (software and hardware) provides strategic know-how and infrastructures which enable the evaluation and further improvement of the system/device under test. Calibration techniques are the needed “recipes” to improve the characterization accuracy and/or provide new insight in the object under test.

Working on system level definition, calibration algorithms, and component level design allows me to effectively interact with complementary fields and colleagues, i.e., antenna and EM experts, device modelling specialists and circuit designers. Through an active co-operation, leveraging their skills, I am involved in the design, implementation and characterization of higher complexity systems operating at the frontier of high-frequency technologies.

EE1L21 EPO-2: Smart Robot Challenge

Build, program and operate a functional autonomous mobile robot.

EE4605 Integrated Circuits and Systems for Wireless Applications

Design and analysis of typical RF IC building blocks in a wireless transceiver

EE4C05 Electromagnetics

WAtt LEvel transmitters at mm-waves

The WhALE project targets, employing complementary expertise in the field of electromagnetics, system integration and integrated circuit design, to develop the next generation of mmwave transmitters.

Microwave measurements for planar circuits and components

PlanarCal aims to aim of the project is to enable traceable measurement of integrated planar circuits and components from radio-frequency (RF) to sub-mm frequencies.

Integrated Near Field sensOrs for high Resolution MicrowavE spectRoscopy

The goal of this project is the creation of a new class of sensors, enabling fast and accurate dielectric characterization of biological samples, with high-sensitivity and high-spatial resolution.

Non-Galvanic Contactless Connectors for Power and Data Transfer

The WiCon project will provide low-cost, highly-integrated system solutions for galvanic connectors replacement in the consumer and industrial market segments.

THz silicon-integrated camera for low-cost imaging applications

Develop a real-time multi pixel passive radiometer, operating between 0.1 THz and 1THz, integrated in a silicon based technology, with temperature resolution better than 1K

Projects history

STW Take-off phase1: High gamma vector network analysis

HΓ-VNA targets the implementation of a new measurement technique, enabling accurate characterization of electronic devices as well as biological and organic materials, which share the common characteristic of presenting extreme loading condition in the RF/Microwave frequency range.

Metrology for optical and RF communication systems

To develop traceable methods for RF power and MIMO antenna measurements and cost-effective metrological solutions for smart, adaptive, reconfigurable and wearable antennas.

Dotseven

DOTSEVEN is a very ambitious 3.5 year R&D project targeting the development of silicon germanium (SiGe) heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) technologies with cut-off frequencies (fmax) up to 700 GHz.

From RF to MMW and THz silicon SoC technologies

Silicon technology platforms for emerging RF, millimetre-wave and THz consumer applications.

  1. A Planar Near-Field Setup for Millimeter-Wave System-Embedded Antenna Testing
    M. Alonso-delPino; M. d. Rosa; M. Simeoni; M. Spella; C. De Martino; M. Spirito;
    IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters,
    Volume 16, pp. 83-86, 2017.

  2. Millimeter-Wave On-Wafer TRL Calibration Employing 3-D EM Simulation-Based Characteristic Impedance Extraction
    L. Galatro; M. Spirito;
    IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques,
    Volume PP, Issue 99, pp. 1-9, 2017.

  3. Performance of THz Components Based on Microstrip PECVD SiNx Technology
    M. Finkel; H. Thierschmann; L. Galatro; A. J. Katan; D. J. Thoen; P. J. de Visser; M. Spirito; T. M. Klapwijk;
    IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology,
    Volume 7, Issue 6, pp. 765-771, Nov 2017. DOI: 10.1109/TTHZ.2017.2759507
    Keywords: ... Coplanar waveguides;Couplers;Dielectrics;Power transmission lines;Probes;Standards;Transmission line measurements;Coupling circuits;micromechanical devices;submillimeter wave circuits;thin film circuits.

  4. A 40-nm CMOS Complex Permittivity Sensing Pixel for Material Characterization at Microwave Frequencies
    G. Vlachogiannakis; M. A. P. Pertijs; M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques,
    Volume PP, Issue 99, pp. 1-16, 2017. DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2017.2753228
    Keywords: ... Biomedical measurement;Microwave measurement;Microwave theory and techniques;Permittivity;Permittivity measurement;Sensor phenomena and characterization;Biomedical sensors;bridge circuits;complex permittivity measurement;integrated microwave circuits;micro-wave sensors..

  5. A Total-Power Radiometer Front End in a 0.25- $mu textm$ BiCMOS Technology With Low $1/f$ -Corner
    S. Malotaux; M. Babaie; M. Spirito;
    IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits,
    Volume 52, Issue 9, pp. 2256-2266, Sept 2017. DOI: 10.1109/JSSC.2017.2705659
    Keywords: ... 1/f noise;BiCMOS integrated circuits;Ge-Si alloys;carbon;low noise amplifiers;millimetre wave amplifiers;millimetre wave detectors;radiometers;semiconductor materials;white noise;1/f -noise corner;BiCMOS technology;LNA;NEP;SiGe:C;bandwidth 6 GHz;frequency 56 GHz;heterojunction bipolar transistor;high-sensitivity millimeter-wave total-power radiometer front-end;large area high resistive value load resistor;low noise-equivalent power;low transformation ratio;optimum bias;size 0.25 nm;two cascode stage low-noise amplifier;voltage-driven common-emitter square-law detector;white noise;wideband signal transfer;Antennas;Bandwidth;BiCMOS integrated circuits;Detectors;Radio frequency;Radiometry;Signal to noise ratio;Direct detection;flicker noise;low-noise amplifier (LNA);millimeter-wave (mm-wave);radiometer;square-law detector.

  6. Capacitively Loaded Inverted CPWs for Distributed TRL-Based De-Embedding at (Sub) mm-Waves
    L. Galatro; A. Pawlak; M. Schroter; M. Spirito;
    IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques,
    Volume PP, Issue 99, pp. 1-11, 2017. DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2017.2727498
    Keywords: ... Calibration;Coplanar waveguides;Dielectrics;Impedance;Power transmission lines;Substrates;Transmission line measurements;CPW;VNA.;distributed de-embedding;millimeter waves;silicon;slow wave;thru-reflect line (TRL).

  7. Wideband single pixel radiometer in CMOS
    S. L. van Berkel; E. S. Malotaux; D. Cavallo; M. Spirito; A. Neto; N. Llombart;
    In 2017 42nd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz),
    pp. 1-2, Aug 2017. DOI: 10.1109/IRMMW-THz.2017.8067166
    Keywords: ... CMOS integrated circuits;broadband antennas;millimetre wave antennas;p-n junctions;radiometers;semiconductor diodes;submillimetre wave antennas;submillimetre wave detectors;CMOS technology;antenna-detector impedance mismatch;frequency 10.0 Hz;frequency 200.0 GHz to 600.0 GHz;passive uncooled radiometer pixel;pn-junction diode;size 28.0 nm;temperature 2.6 K;uncooled imaging capabilities;wideband antenna;wideband single pixel radiometer;Antennas;Detectors;Imaging;Lenses;Radiometry;Schottky diodes;Silicon.

  8. Integrated waveguide power combiners with artificial dielectrics for mm-wave systems
    Z. Hu; M. Alonso-delPino; D. Cavallo; H. T. Shivamurthy; M. Spirito;
    In 2017 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS),
    pp. 646-649, June 2017. DOI: 10.1109/MWSYM.2017.8058652
    Keywords: ... dielectric materials;elemental semiconductors;power combiners;silicon;waveguides;BiCMOS technology implementation;E field probes;N:1 power combiner;Si;artificial dielectrics;back-end-of-line;back-to-back-combiner operation;capacitive resonance;frequency 240.0 GHz to 310.0 GHz;full wave EM simulations;full-wave electromagnetic simulations;input feeding;insertion losses;integrated waveguide power combiners;mm-wave systems;power combiner operation;signal summation;silicon technologies;single transverse plane;synthetic waveguides;BiCMOS integrated circuits;Impedance;Pins;Power combiners;Probes;Prototypes;(sub)millimeter-wave;BiCMOS;Integrated circuit;artificial dielectric;power combiner;waveguide.

  9. A near-field setup with independent amplitude and phase control of the stimuli for phased antenna testing
    C. De Martino; M. Spirito; I. E. Lager; M. Simeoni;
    In 2017 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP),
    pp. 2851-2855, March 2017. DOI: 10.23919/EuCAP.2017.7928515
    Keywords: ... antenna phased arrays;antenna testing;digital-analogue conversion;mixers (circuits);phase control;Cartesian modulation;broadband passive IQ-mixers;complex antenna array;delay mismatch compensation;far-field radiation pattern;high-resolution DAC;high-resolution digital-to-analogue converters;independent amplitude control;loss compensation;near-field antenna setup;phase coherent signals;phase control;phased antenna array testing;quadrature signal;Antenna arrays;Antenna measurements;Antenna radiation patterns;Calibration;Europe;Testing.

  10. Contactless Measurement of Absolute Voltage Waveforms by a Passive Electric-Field Probe
    R. Hou; M. Spirito; F. Van Rijs; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters,
    Volume 26, Issue 12, pp. 1008-1010, Dec 2016.

  11. Nonintrusive Near-Field Characterization of Spatially Distributed Effects in Large-Periphery High-Power GaN HEMTs
    R. Hou; M. Lorenzini; M. Spirito; T. Roedle; F. van Rijs; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques,
    Volume 64, Issue 11, pp. 4048-4062, Nov 2016.

  12. Near- and Far-Field Characterization of Planar mm-Wave Antenna Arrays with Waveguide-to-Microstrip Transition
    Salhi, Mohammed Adnan; Kazemipour, Alireza; Gentille, Gennaro; Spirito, Marco; Kleine-Ostmann, Thomas; Schrader, Thorsten;
    Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves,
    Volume 37, Issue 9, pp. 857--873, 2016.
    document

  13. Branchline and directional THz coupler based on PECVD SiNx-technology
    M. Finkel; H. R. Thierschmann; L. Galatro; A. J. Katan; D. J. Thoen; P. J. de Visser; M. Spirito; T. M. Klapwijk;
    In 2016 41st International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz waves (IRMMW-THz),
    pp. 1-2, Sept 2016.

  14. Characterization of broadband low-NEP SiGe square-law detectors for mm-wave passive imaging
    E. S. Malotaux; M. Spirito;
    In 2016 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS),
    pp. 1-4, May 2016.

  15. BiCMOS integrated waveguide with artificial dielectric at submillimeter wave frequencies
    M. A. d. Pino; H. T. Shivamurthy; D. Cavallo; L. Galatro; M. Spirito;
    In 2016 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS),
    pp. 1-4, May 2016.

  16. On the definition of reference planes in probe-level calibrations
    L. Galatro; F. Mubarak; M. Spirito;
    In 2016 87th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference (ARFTG),
    pp. 1-4, May 2016.

  17. A passive total power radiometer in 0.25 #x00B5;m SiGe BiCMOS for millimeter-wave imaging
    E. S. Malotaux; M. Spirito;
    In 2016 IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting (BCTM),
    pp. 118-121, Sept 2016.

  18. A 40-nm CMOS permittivity sensor for chemical/biological material characterization at RF/microwave frequencies
    G. Vlachogiannakis; M. Spirito; M. A. P. Pertijs; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 2016 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS),
    pp. 1-4, May 2016.

  19. Power level control of mm-wave test benches for accurate small and large-signal DUT measurements
    C. D. Martino; Z. Hu; L. Galatro; G. Sarris; M. Spirito;
    In 2016 88th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference (ARFTG),
    pp. 1-4, Dec 2016.

  20. Design, Fabrication, and Measurements of a 0.3 THz On-Chip Double Slot Antenna Enhanced by Artificial Dielectrics
    W. H. Syed; G. Fiorentino; D. Cavallo; M. Spirito; P. M. Sarro; A. Neto;
    IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology,
    Volume 5, Issue 2, pp. 288-298, March 2015.

  21. Silicon-Based Technology for Integrated Waveguides and mm-Wave Systems
    V. Jovanovic; G. Gentile; R. Dekker; P. de Graaf; L. C. N. de Vreede; L. K. Nanver; M. Spirito;
    IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices,
    Volume 62, Issue 10, pp. 3153-3159, Oct 2015.

  22. A wideband 60 GHz class-E/F2 power amplifier in 40nm CMOS
    M. Babaie; R. B. Staszewski; L. Galatro; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium (RFIC),
    pp. 215-218, May 2015.

  23. Improved RSOL planar calibration via EM modelling and reduced spread resistive layers
    M. Spirito; L. Galatro; G. Lorito; T. Zoumpoulidis; F. Mubarak;
    In 2015 86th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-5, Dec 2015.

  24. An IQ-steering technique for amplitude and phase control of mm-wave signals
    A. Visweswaran; C. de Martino; E. Sirignano; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 86th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-4, Dec 2015.

  25. A simplified calibration procedure for on-wafer power levelled S-parameter measurements at mm-wave
    S. Galbano; L. Galatro; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 85th Microwave Measurement Conference (ARFTG),
    pp. 1-3, May 2015.

  26. Evaluation and modeling of measurement resolution of a vector network analyzer for extreme impedance measurements
    F. Mubarak; R. Romano; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 86th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-3, Dec 2015.

  27. Non-intrusive near-field characterization of distributed effects in large-periphery LDMOS RF power transistors
    R. Hou; M. Spirito; R. Heeres; F. van Rijs; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 2015 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium,
    pp. 1-3, May 2015.

  28. BiCMOS integrated waveguide power combiner at submillimeter-wave frequencies
    M. Alonso-delPino; D. Cavallo; H. Thippur-Shivamurthy; H. Gao; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 40th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz waves (IRMMW-THz),
    pp. 1-2, Aug 2015.

  29. Calibration and characterization techniques for on-wafer device characterization
    L. Galatro; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 IEEE 13th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS),
    pp. 1-4, June 2015.

  30. Medium-range propagation flexible waveguides at millimeter-wave and submillimeter-wave frequencies
    M. Alonso-delPino; N. Llombart; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 40th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz waves (IRMMW-THz),
    pp. 1-2, Aug 2015.

  31. Power control for S-parameters and large signal characterization at (sub)-mmWave frequencies
    L. Galatro; S. Galbano; A. Santaniello; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 85th Microwave Measurement Conference (ARFTG),
    pp. 1-4, May 2015.

  32. An I/Q-mixer-steering interferometric technique for high-sensitivity measurement of extreme impedances
    G. Vlachogiannakis; H. T. Shivamurthy; M. A. D. Pino; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium,
    pp. 1-4, May 2015.

  33. Analysis of residual errors due to calibration transfer in on-wafer measurements at mm-wave frequencies
    L. Galatro; M. Spirito;
    In 2015 IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting - BCTM,
    pp. 141-144, Oct 2015.

  34. A package-integratable six-port reflectometer for power devices
    R. G. Venter; Rui Hou; K. Buisman; M. Spirito; K. Werner; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 2014 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS2014),
    pp. 1-4, June 2014.

  35. Front-to-back ratio enhancement of on-chip antenna using artificial dielectrics at 300 GHz
    W. H. Syed; G. Fiorentino; D. Cavallo; M. Spirito; A. Neto; P. M. Sarro;
    In 2014 USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (Joint with AP-S Symposium),
    pp. 140-140, July 2014.

  36. A method for de-embedding cable flexure errors in S-parameter measurements
    F. Mubarak; G. Rietveld; M. Spirito;
    In 83rd ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-5, June 2014.

  37. Enhancement of front to back ratio of on chip antenna by artificial dielectrics at 300 GHz
    W. H. Syed; G. Fiorentino; D. Cavallo; M. Spirito; A. Neto; P. M. Sarro;
    In 2014 39th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz waves (IRMMW-THz),
    pp. 1-2, Sept 2014.

  38. Silicon-Filled Rectangular Waveguides and Frequency Scanning Antennas for mm-Wave Integrated Systems
    G. Gentile; V. Jovanovic; M. J. Pelk; L. Jiang; R. Dekker; P. de Graaf; B. Rejaei; L. C. N. de Vreede; L. K. Nanver; M. Spirito;
    IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,
    Volume 61, Issue 12, pp. 5893-5901, Dec 2013.

  39. A 60-GHz Passive Broadband Multibeam Antenna System in Fused Silica Technology
    F. Foglia Manzillo; R. Nastri; M. Spella; G. Gentile; M. Spirito;
    IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters,
    Volume 12, pp. 1376-1379, 2013.

  40. Multimode analysis of transmission lines and substrates for (sub)mm-wave calibration
    M. Spirito; G. Gentile; A. Akhnoukh;
    In 82nd ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-6, Nov 2013.

  41. Ultra-wide band CPW to substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) transition based on a U-shaped slot antenna
    G. Gentile; B. Rejaei; V. Jovanovic; L. K. Nanver; L. C. N. de Vreede; M. Spirito;
    In 2013 European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference,
    pp. 25-28, Oct 2013.

  42. Non-intrusive characterization of active device interactions in high-efficiency power amplifiers
    R. Hou; M. Spirito; J. Gajadharsing; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 2013 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (MTT),
    pp. 1-3, June 2013.

  43. A CMOS-compatible metamaterial to enhance the front to back radiation ratio in terahertz antenna for sensing application
    G. Fiorentino; W. Syed; F. Santagata; M. Spirito; G. Pandraud; A. Neto; P. M. Sarro; A. J. L. Adam;
    In 2013 IEEE SENSORS,
    pp. 1-4, Nov 2013.

  44. Synthesized pulsed bias for device characterization
    A. Kumar Manjanna; K. Buisman; M. Spirito; M. Marchetti; M. Pelk; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 81st ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-4, June 2013.

  45. Characterizing cable flexure effects in S-parameter measurements
    F. Mubarak; G. Rietveld; D. Hoogenboom; M. Spirito;
    In 82nd ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-7, Nov 2013.

  46. Device characterization for LTE applications with wideband baseband, fundamental and harmonic impedance control
    A. K. Manjanna; M. Marchetti; K. Buisman; M. Spirito; M. J. Pelk; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 2013 European Microwave Conference,
    pp. 255-258, Oct 2013.

  47. An FM demodulator operating across 2 #x2013;10GHz IF
    A. Visweswaran; J. R. Long; L. Galatro; M. Spirito; R. B. Staszewski;
    In 2013 IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium (RFIC),
    pp. 213-216, June 2013.

  48. Large signal characterization of millimeter wave devices using mixed signal active load-pull
    L. Galatro; A. Akhnoukh; P. Magne; M. Marchetti; M. Spirito;
    In 82nd ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-5, Nov 2013.

  49. Passive Circuit Technologies for mm-Wave Wireless Systems on Silicon
    J. R. Long; Y. Zhao; W. Wu; M. Spirito; L. Vera; E. Gordon;
    IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers,
    Volume 59, Issue 8, pp. 1680-1693, Aug 2012.

  50. An Experimental Power-Lines Model for Digital ASICs Based on Transmission Lines
    M. Costagliola; D. de Caro; A. Girardi; R. Izzi; N. Rinaldi; M. Spirito; P. Spirito;
    IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems,
    Volume 20, Issue 1, pp. 162-166, Jan 2012.

  51. 60 GHz mixed signal active load-pull system for millimeter wave devices characterization
    L. Galatro; M. Marchetti; M. Spirito;
    In 80th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-6, Nov 2012.

  52. Contactless measurement of in-circuit reflection coefficients
    Rui Hou; M. Spirito; B. J. Kooij; F. van Rijs; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 2012 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest,
    pp. 1-3, June 2012.

  53. Silicon integrated waveguide technology for mm-wave frequency scanning array
    G. Gentile; M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede; B. Rejaei; R. Dekker; P. de Graaf;
    In 2012 7th European Microwave Integrated Circuit Conference,
    pp. 234-237, Oct 2012.

  54. Silicon VLSI catches the millimeter wave
    J. R. Long; W. L. Chan; Y. Zhao; M. Spirito;
    IEEE Communications Magazine,
    Volume 49, Issue 10, pp. 182-189, Oct 2011.

  55. A 4dB NF 60GHz-band low-noise amplifier with balanced outputs
    Y. Jin; J. R. Long; M. Spirito;
    In 2011 IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting,
    pp. 115-118, Oct 2011.

  56. A 7dB NF 60GHz-band millimeter-wave transconductance mixer
    Y. Jin; J. R. Long; M. Spirito;
    In 2011 IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium,
    pp. 1-4, June 2011.

  57. Compact mm-wave power combiners in 65nm CMOS-SOI
    Y. Zhao; J. R. Long; M. Spirito;
    In 2011 IEEE 11th Topical Meeting on Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems,
    pp. 33-36, Jan 2011.

  58. A 60GHz-band 20dBm power amplifier with 20% peak PAE
    Y. Zhao; J. R. Long; M. Spirito;
    In 2011 IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium,
    pp. 1-4, June 2011.

  59. Circuit technologies for mm-wave wireless systems on silicon
    J. R. Long; Y. Zhao; Y. Jin; W. Wu; M. Spirito;
    In 2011 IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC),
    pp. 1-8, Sept 2011.

  60. Millimeter-wave integrated waveguides on silicon
    G. Gentile; R. Dekker; P. de Graaf; M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede; B. Rejaei;
    In 2011 IEEE 11th Topical Meeting on Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems,
    pp. 37-40, Jan 2011.

  61. A +18dBm, 79 #x2013;87.5GHz bandwidth power amplifier in 0.13 #x00B5;m SiGe-BiCMOS
    Y. Zhao; J. R. Long; M. Spirito; A. B. Akhnoukh;
    In 2011 IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting,
    pp. 17-20, Oct 2011.

  62. An effective key management scheme for mobile heterogeneous sensor networks
    S. U. Khan; L. Lavagno; C. Pastrone; M. Spirito;
    In International Conference on Information Society (i-Society 2011),
    pp. 98-103, June 2011.

  63. An energy and memory-efficient key management scheme for mobile heterogeneous sensor networks
    S. U. Khan; C. Pastrone; L. Lavagno; M. A. Spirito;
    In 2011 6th International Conference on Risks and Security of Internet and Systems (CRiSIS),
    pp. 1-8, Sept 2011.

  64. Silicon Filled Integrated Waveguides
    G. Gentile; R. Dekker; P. de Graaf; M. Spirito; M. J. Pelk; L. C. N. de Vreede; B. Rejaei Salmassi;
    IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters,
    Volume 20, Issue 10, pp. 536-538, Oct 2010.

  65. A 60GHz-band 2 #x00D7;2 phased-array transmitter in 65nm CMOS
    W. L. Chan; J. R. Long; M. Spirito; J. J. Pekarik;
    In 2010 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference - (ISSCC),
    pp. 42-43, Feb 2010.

  66. A mixed-signal load-pull system for base-station applications
    M. Marchetti; R. Heeres; M. Squillante; M. Pelk; M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 2010 IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium,
    pp. 491-494, May 2010.

  67. Antenna interface for mm-wave communication
    S. Malevsky; M. Spirito; J. R. Long;
    In 2010 Loughborough Antennas Propagation Conference,
    pp. 565-568, Nov 2010.

  68. Enhanced RF power amplifiers and device characterization setups using coherent mixed-signal techniques
    L. C. N. de Vreede; M. Pelk; E. Neo; J. Qureshi; M. Spirito; M. Squillante; M. Marchetti;
    In 2010 IEEE 11th Annual Wireless and Microwave Technology Conference (WAMICON),
    pp. 1-5, April 2010.

  69. A multi-step phase calibration procedure for closely spaced multi-tone signals
    M. Mirra; M. Marchetti; F. Tessitore; M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede; L. Betts;
    In 75th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-5, May 2010.

  70. Compact transformer power combiners for millimeter-wave wireless applications
    Y. Zhao; J. R. Long; M. Spirito;
    In 2010 IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium,
    pp. 223-226, May 2010.

  71. A 60GHz-band Millimeter-wave active balun with #x00B1;5 #x00B0; phase error
    Y. Jin; M. Spirito; J. R. Long;
    In The 5th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference,
    pp. 210-213, Sept 2010.

  72. Millimeter-wave passive components on silicon for wireless communication applications
    Y. Zhao; Y. Jin; M. Spirito; J. R. Long;
    In 2009 16th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems - (ICECS 2009),
    pp. 972-975, Dec 2009.

  73. A mixed-signal approach for high-speed fully controlled multidimensional load-pull parameters sweep
    M. Squillante; M. Marchetti; M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 2009 73rd ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference,
    pp. 1-5, June 2009.

  74. A 60GHz-band 1V 11.5dBm power amplifier with 11% PAE in 65nm CMOS
    W. L. Chan; J. R. Long; M. Spirito; J. J. Pekarik;
    In 2009 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference - Digest of Technical Papers,
    pp. 380-381,381a, Feb 2009.

  75. Thermal simulation and ultrafast IR temperature mapping of a Smart Power Switch for automotive applications
    M. Riccio; A. Irace; G. Breglio; P. Spirito; V. Kosel; M. Glavanovics; A. Satka;
    In 2009 21st International Symposium on Power Semiconductor Devices IC's,
    pp. 200-203, June 2009.

  76. Energy Detection Spectrum Sensing with Discontinuous Primary User Signal
    F. Penna; C. Pastrone; M. A. Spirito; R. Garello;
    In 2009 IEEE International Conference on Communications,
    pp. 1-5, June 2009.

  77. Probability of Missed Detection in Eigenvalue Ratio Spectrum Sensing
    F. Penna; R. Garello; M. A. Spirito;
    In 2009 IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications,
    pp. 117-122, Oct 2009.

  78. Active Harmonic Load #x2013;Pull With Realistic Wideband Communications Signals
    M. Marchetti; M. J. Pelk; K. Buisman; W. C. E. Neo; M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques,
    Volume 56, Issue 12, pp. 2979-2988, Dec 2008.

  79. On the optimum 2nd harmonic source and load impedances for the efficiency-linearity trade-off of RF LDMOS power amplifiers
    D. M. H. Hartskeerl; I. Volokhine; M. Spirito;
    In 2005 IEEE Radio Frequency integrated Circuits (RFIC) Symposium - Digest of Papers,
    pp. 447-450, June 2005.

  80. Power amplifier PAE and ruggedness optimization by second-harmonic control
    M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede; L. K. Nanver; S. Weber; J. N. Burghartz;
    IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits,
    Volume 38, Issue 9, pp. 1575-1583, Sept 2003.

  81. Low-loss passives for 2nd-harmonic termination control in power amplifiers for mobile applications
    M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede; L. K. Nanver; J. E. Mueller; J. N. Burghartz;
    In 2003 Topical Meeting on Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems, 2003. Digest of Papers.,
    pp. 49-52, April 2003.

  82. A calibration procedure for on-wafer differential load-pull measurements
    M. Spirito; M. P. van der Heijden; M. de Kok; L. C. N. de Vreede;
    In 61st ARFTG Conference Digest, Spring 2003.,
    pp. 1-4, June 2003.

  83. A 2 GHz high-gain differential InGaP HBT driver amplifier matched for high IP3
    M. P. van der Heijden; M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede; F. van Straten; J. N. Burghartz;
    In IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, 2003,
    pp. 235-238 vol.1, June 2003.

  84. Power amplifier PAE and ruggedness optimization by second harmonic control
    M. Spirito; L. C. N. de Vreede; L. K. Nanver; S. Weber; J. N. Burghartz;
    In Proceedings of the Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting,
    pp. 173-176, 2002.

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Last updated: 26 Dec 2018